by Rana Baroudi
Dr. Baroudi is a Board Certified Periodontist. She has successfully passed the American Board of Periodontology oral and written examinations covering all phases of periodontal disease, its treatment and dental implants. She is also an Associate Clinical Professor of Periodontology at UCSF where she enjoys teaching and lecturing on a bi-monthly basis.Learn More
The term “periodontal”means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a common inflammatory condition which affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth; also the jawbone itself when in its most advanced stages.
Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated.
Periodontal disease, commonly referred to as gum disease, is a complex inflammatory condition that affects the supporting structures of the teeth. At its onset, it manifests as gingivitis, a mild form of gum inflammation. If left unaddressed, gingivitis can develop into more severe forms of periodontal disease, characterized by an insidious breakdown of both bone and soft tissue surrounding the teeth.
The initial irritation and inflammation of the gums arise from toxins present in dental plaque. As the body’s immune response is triggered, a chronic inflammatory reaction ensues. Instead of defending against the plaque toxins, this reaction inadvertently prompts the body to start breaking down its own bone and soft tissue. What’s alarming is that as periodontal disease progresses, the outward symptoms can be subtle. Often, individuals may not notice the teeth gradually detaching from the now infected gum tissue. However, a visible sign of the disease’s progression is the formation of deepening pockets between the teeth and gums. These pockets indicate the ongoing destruction of the soft tissue and bone, a hallmark of advanced periodontal disease.
To understand the scope of periodontal disease, let’s delve into its various types:
Periodontal disease, if not addressed in a timely manner, can lead to irreversible damage to the oral framework. But with advancements in modern dentistry, a multitude of surgical and non-surgical options have emerged to counteract this malady. A thorough periodontal examination serves as the starting point, providing insights into the state of the teeth, gums, and jawbone, guiding the course of subsequent treatments.
Below is an in-depth look at prevalent treatments for periodontal disease:
For those navigating the complexities of periodontal disease, it’s imperative to actively engage with a dental professional well-versed in these treatments.
Selecting the right periodontist is pivotal in one’s journey to reclaiming oral health. Dr. Rana Baroudi, renowned in San Jose, CA, embodies excellence in periodontal care. Boasting a distinguished track record in treating periodontal gum disease and a genuine commitment to patient care, Dr. Baroudi remains the top choice for many seeking meticulous and empathetic dental services. Place your trust in her hands, and let her guide you through the path to radiant oral health.